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State Gazette, issue 42 /May 22nd, 2018
More clarity and certainty in the lease of agricultural land are aimed at amendments in the Law on the ownership and use of agricultural land. Agricultural land may be leased by the owner or by a person authorized by him; by a person possessing rights to agricultural land, including in his / her content the power to use or manage the land provided by an owner or a person authorized by him / her; by co-owner or co-owners of agricultural land, or by a person authorized by them. A contract for the lease of agricultural land with a term of more than one year shall be concluded by a co-owner or co-owners of agricultural land owning more than 25 percent of shares of the joint-ownership property or by a person authorized by them. In such cases the relations between the co-owners shall be settled according to Art. 30, para. 3 of the Property Act.
The authorization to conclude an agreement for the lease of agricultural land must be with an explicit power of attorney with a notary certification of the content and signatures of the delegates. Notwithstanding the agreement of the parties to the lease of an agricultural land, the lessee may transfer the land or part of it, subject to the express written consent of the landlord. Agreements for the lease of agricultural land with a term longer than one year, as well as the agreements for their amendment or termination, shall be concluded in writing with a notarial certification of the contents and signatures of the parties simultaneously. During the notarial proceedings, the notary performs a check on compliance with the above requirements and attaches to the notarial deed drawings of the property subject to the contract. The drawings are requested to be received by the notary by remote access to the information system of the cadastre and the property register or provided by a party in the notarial production. Where no cadastral map and cadastral registers have entered into force for the respective land, the property of the property, issued by the respective municipal agricultural office on the location of the properties, shall be attached to the notarial deed. Contracts for the lease of agricultural land with a term longer than one year, as well as the agreements for their amendment or termination, concluded in writing with a notarial certification of the contents and signatures of the parties, shall be entered in the relevant office of registration at the location of the properties. The issued building sketches shall be attached to the acts to be registered.
Only the agricultural land rent contracts concluded in compliance with the above requirements, as well as lease agreements, concluded in compliance with the requirements of this Act and of the Agricultural Lease Act, shall be registered at the Municipal Office of Agriculture. When the same property is submitted for registration of more than one lease or lease of agricultural land, the following shall be recorded in the municipal agricultural office: 1. the contract entered into the record office at the earliest date; 2. the contract entered - upon submission for registration of a written and unenctified contract. The Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forests approves rules for registration of the contracts for rent and lease of agricultural land in the municipal services of agriculture.

State Gazette, issue 42 /May 22nd, 2018
Increasing the preferential protection of public budgets from enforcement and introducing uniform European rules for small claims and introducing a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims foresee changes in the Code of Civil Procedure. Cash receivables against state institutions are paid out of the funds provided for in their budget. For this purpose, the writ of execution shall be submitted to the financial authority of the relevant institution. If such funds are not available, the respective senior budgetary authority shall take the necessary measures to make provision at the latest in the next budget. Implementation on the funds of the bank accounts of municipalities and other budget subsidized institutions received as a subsidy, transfer or temporary interest-free a loan from the state budget, including through municipal budgets or through other budgets. The scope of the ban includes national co-financing as well as pre-financing when funds are provided at the expense of the state budget, including through EU funds accounts. ”
Regulation (EC) No 861/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 establishing a European Small Claims Procedure and Regulation (EC) No 805/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 July 2007 April 2004 on the introduction of a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims. An application to initiate proceedings in the European Small Claims Procedure shall be filed with the District Court at the defendant’s permanent address or at its registered office. An appeal against a European Small Claims Decision shall be lodged with the relevant District Court. The decision of the District Court shall be subject to a cassation appeal before the Supreme Court of Cassation under the conditions of Art. 280. The defendant may submit to the relevant court of appeal an application for a review of the judgment given in the European Small Claims Procedure under the terms and procedure of Art. 18 of Regulation (EC) No 861/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
An application for a writ of execution on the basis of a European Enforcement Order for an uncontested claim or on the basis of a European Small Claims Procedure shall be lodged with the district court at the debtor’s permanent address, at his place of establishment or place of performance. The order shall be appealed in accordance with Art. 623, para. 6. The time limit for appeals shall run for the petitioner from service of the order and for the defendant from the delivery of the call for voluntary service. Appealing the order in which the application is granted does not stop the execution. Suspension or limitation of the enforcement of judgments of a Bulgarian court, established under Regulation (EC) No 861/2007, shall be ordered by the court before which the case is pending and, in the case of an enforceable judgment, by the court of first instance. An application for suspension of execution of a foreign decision shall be submitted to the district court which issued the order for admission of enforcement and the writ of execution. The defendant may submit an application for review of a European order for payment under the conditions and by the order of Art. 20 of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 to the relevant Court of Appeal. The review request is submitted within 30 days. The time limit begins to run from the day on which the defendant actually became aware of the content of the order or after those specified in Art. 20 (1) (b), the circumstances of the Regulation cease to exist. The court sends a copy of the request to the other party who can reply within one week of receipt. The request shall be considered in camera. The court may, if it deems it necessary, examine the application in open court. The court’s ruling is not amenable to appeal.
The eighth “Special rules on proceedings in civil matters in the context of international treaties” shall be inserted. The Court of First Instance shall, at the written request of the party, issue the documents accompanying the request for recognition and enforcement of a judgment in another State party to the 2007 Hague Convention. A judgment given in a State Party to the Hague Convention shall be recognized by the authority , on the basis of a copy of the judgment, a certificate for its entry into force and, if necessary, the documents referred to in Art. Article 25 (1) (c) - (f) of the Hague Convention. The interested party may request recognition of a judgment given in a State Party to the Hague Convention by a court order - by the order of Art. 637 by the district court on the debtor’s permanent address, on his habitual residence or on the place of performance. A judgment given in a State party to the Hague Convention shall be recognized on the basis of a copy of the judgment, a certificate of its entry into force and, if necessary, the documents referred to in Art. Article 25 (1) (c) - Increasing the preferential protection of public budgets from enforcement and introducing uniform European rules for small claims and introducing a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims foresee changes in the Code of Civil Procedure. Cash receivables against state institutions are paid out of the funds provided for in their budget. For this purpose, the writ of execution shall be submitted to the financial authority of the relevant institution. If such funds are not available, the respective senior budgetary authority shall take the necessary measures to make provision at the latest in the next budget. Implementation on the funds of the bank accounts of municipalities and other budget subsidized institutions received as a subsidy, transfer or temporary interest-free a loan from the state budget, including through municipal budgets or through other budgets. The scope of the ban includes national co-financing as well as pre-financing when funds are provided at the expense of the state budget, including through EU funds accounts. ”
Regulation (EC) No 861/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 establishing a European Small Claims Procedure and Regulation (EC) No 805/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 July 2007 April 2004 on the introduction of a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims. An application to initiate proceedings in the European Small Claims Procedure shall be filed with the District Court at the defendant’s permanent address or at its registered office. An appeal against a European Small Claims Decision shall be lodged with the relevant District Court. The decision of the District Court shall be subject to a cassation appeal before the Supreme Court of Cassation under the conditions of Art. 280. The defendant may submit to the relevant court of appeal an application for a review of the judgment given in the European Small Claims Procedure under the terms and procedure of Art. 18 of Regulation (EC) No 861/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
An application for a writ of execution on the basis of a European Enforcement Order for an uncontested claim or on the basis of a European Small Claims Procedure shall be lodged with the district court at the debtor’s permanent address, at his place of establishment or place of performance. The order shall be appealed in accordance with Art. 623, para. 6. The time limit for appeals shall run for the petitioner from service of the order and for the defendant from the delivery of the call for voluntary service. Appealing the order in which the application is granted does not stop the execution. Suspension or limitation of the enforcement of judgments of a Bulgarian court, established under Regulation (EC) No 861/2007, shall be ordered by the court before which the case is pending and, in the case of an enforceable judgment, by the court of first instance. An application for suspension of execution of a foreign decision shall be submitted to the district court which issued the order for admission of enforcement and the writ of execution. The defendant may submit an application for review of a European order for payment under the conditions and by the order of Art. 20 of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 to the relevant Court of Appeal. The review request is submitted within 30 days. The time limit begins to run from the day on which the defendant actually became aware of the content of the order or after those specified in Art. 20 (1) (b), the circumstances of the Regulation cease to exist. The court sends a copy of the request to the other party who can reply within one week of receipt. The request shall be considered in camera. The court may, if it deems it necessary, examine the application in open court. The court’s ruling is not amenable to appeal.
The eighth “Special rules on proceedings in civil matters in the context of international treaties” shall be inserted. The Court of First Instance shall, at the written request of the party, issue the documents accompanying the request for recognition and enforcement of a judgment in another State party to the 2007 Hague Convention. A judgment given in a State Party to the Hague Convention shall be recognized by the authority , on the basis of a copy of the judgment, a certificate for its entry into force and, if necessary, the documents referred to in Art. Article 25 (1) (c) - (f) of the Hague Convention. The interested party may request recognition of a judgment given in a State Party to the Hague Convention by a court order - by the order of Art. 637 by the district court on the debtor’s permanent address, on his habitual residence or on the place of performance. A judgment given in a State party to the Hague Convention shall be recognized on the basis of a copy of the judgment, a certificate of its entry into force and, if necessary, the documents referred to in Art. Article 25 (1) (c) - of the Hague Convention.

State Gazette, issue 44 /May 29th, 2018
The refinement of the regime of protection of persons threatened in connection with criminal proceedings aims at changes in the law of the same name. Special protection within the meaning of the law is the implementation of a set of protection measures and activities undertaken by certain state authorities in order to reduce the risk of unlawful harm to individuals and to increase their safety. The special protection is implemented through preliminary protection and Program for Protection of Endangered Persons under the conditions of conspiracy in the order and in the manner defined by an act of the Prosecutor General. Preliminary protection is a set of measures that provides immediate protection to an endangered person. Preliminary protection applies until the order is issued by the Chief Public Prosecutor or until the decision of the Protection Council under Art. 17 for a period of up to 30 days, which may be extended if necessary by no more than 30 days. The Program for the Protection of Endangered Persons represents a complex of measures taken in respect of persons who have acquired the status of protected persons under this Act. Special protection may also include activities to provide social, medical, psychological, legal and financial assistance to facilitate the integration of the person into the new environment.
Special protection measures are mandatory for all state and local government bodies and for all legal and natural persons. When performing special protection, the Protection Office may request the assistance of all authorities, which can not be denied. The Chief Prosecutor may conclude cooperation and cooperation agreements and issue joint instructions for interaction with the authorities of the state and local self-government regarding the order and the prerequisites for assistance under this law. Preliminary protection includes the following measures: personal physical security; security of property; accommodation in a safe place; accommodation at another place to serve the penalty. The protection program includes the following measures: changing the place of residence in the country; change of place of work; changing the crèche or institution in pre-school, school and higher education; accommodation in another place to serve the punishment; relocation to another country. The measures may be applied jointly or separately, as long as there are reasons, but for a period no longer than the one defined in Art. 5, para. 3.
With the express written consent of the protected person, in applying the measures under para. 2 may create new master data for it that may not be the same with foreign master data. For the time the person uses documents with new basic data, he can not use documents with his previous master data. The new master data and the documents issued in connection with them shall be destroyed after the need for their processing has ceased. At the request of the protected person, made prior to the termination of the Protection Program, the Chief Prosecutor may authorize the use of the new master data and the documents issued on the basis of these and after the Protection Program has been completed. The participation in criminal proceedings of threatened persons who have received special protection within the meaning of this law, if possible, shall be carried out by videoconference or telephone conference under the procedure of the Penal Procedure Code.
A person’s personal physical protection is an activity to protect his / her bodily injustice from unlawful interference, their prevention and interception, where the person performs the safety instructions prescribed by the Bureau of Defense or the relevant officer. Security can be round the clock for certain hours or for certain occasions. Security of property is an activity to prevent unlawful interference with movable or immovable property that the person uses or inhabits. The implementation of the measures does not relieve the protected person from fulfilling his obligations to the State or to third parties for which the Bureau of Assistance cooperates.
Protection of the employees of the Bureau of Defense, which provide or apply the measures for the implementation of the special protection, may temporarily create new basic data, which are used only in the fulfillment of their official duties. The authority that made the proposal to apply special protection shall promptly inform the Bureau of Protection of the progress of the criminal proceedings as well as any additional circumstances reflecting the degree of threat to the protected person. The need for the continuation of the special protection for each protected person shall be assessed by the Protection Bureau every six months from the date of its actual delivery, for which it shall deliver an opinion to the Prosecutor General within one month. When it is necessary to change the type of protection measure, the Bureau of Defense in the opinion to the Prosecutor General suggests changing the type of protection measure.